TOP 10 BLOCK PRINTING/ FABRIC DYEING TECHNIQUES OF INDIA
Technique : The process includes the use of geometric designs and bright colours, and the chemical properties of the river are used to the maximum benefit to obtain the most unique shades. From cotton, silk, chiffon to bamboo chicks, this process can be carried out on a variety of fabrics. The fabric after removal of starch is made to undergo what is known as the “bhatti process” which includes boiling, drying and subsequently printing.
This kind of block printing has seen widespread popularity and received the support of the state as well as the central governments.
Ramayana, Mahabharata are used as primary themes, and this art form depicts India in all its past glory.
Technique : Woodblock printing gives rise to very geometric shapes and patterns. Vegetable dyes and other natural dyes are used for the process, and this garment is a symbol of the area’s culture and heritage.
Plants, flowers and different motifs are core components of this kind of block printing, and the technique is practised in various villages in Rajasthan.
5. GOLD AND SILVER DUST
Technique : A roghan gum paste with castor oil is used. Two different blocks are used, and through perforations, the gum paste is squeezed in a pattern on the textile. Then the metal dust is sprinkled on top of this to add the necessary amount of shine and glitter.
Small dots and dashes comprise most designs.
Beautiful floral designs with buds, flowers, leaves, mangoes and even jhumkas sometimes are part of the detailed designs on the blocks.
A tie and dye technique that dates back to the Indus Valley Civilization, bandhani is popular amongst all.
Background : In earlier times, five different colours were used, and natural dyes were the chosen form of colours. The technique is named after the pattern it forms, that is, waves, which is called Leheriya in Rajasthan.